Resources documenting how solitary confinement exacerbates pre-existing mental illness and causes mental illness:
"Solitary Confinement Fact Sheet" by National Alliance on Mental Illness, 2013. A fact sheet that shows solitary confinement by the numbers. It focuses on the harmful effects of solitary confinement, especially for people with serious mental illnesses.
"City Plans New Approach to Disciplining Mentally Ill Inmates" by Vivian Yee, The New York Times, May 12, 2013. In July, New York City will implement alternatives to solitary confinement for mentally ill inmates. Instead of isolation, inmates who are severely mentall ill will be transferred to an internal clinic for counseling, treatment and medicine.
"Position Statement on Segregation of Prisoners with Mental Illness" by the American Psychological Association (APA), November-December 2012. This statement highlights the importance of not placing inmates with mental illness in prolonged segregation. It often worsens or does not improve their condition. Instead clincal programming should be provided for these individuals.
"Testimony of Professor Craig Haney" Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on the Constitution, Civil Rights, and Human Rights Hearing on Solitary Confinement, June 19, 2012. Professor Haney, a psychology professor who has studied the effects of solitary confinement for over thirty years, testifies before the Senate subcommittee about his findings.
"Testimony of Stuart M. Andrews" Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on the Constitution, Civil Rights, and Human Rights Hearing on Solitary Confinement, June 19, 2012. Andrews testifies before the Senate subcommittee in his capacity as an attorney with Nelson Mullins law firm, which is party to a class action lawsuit on behalf of South Carolina inmates with mental illness who have been held in solitary confinement.
"Fatal Flaws in the Colorado Solitary Confinement Study" by Stuart Grassian, Solitary Watch, November 15, 2010. Dr. Grassian critiques a study finding that solitary confinement improved the well-being of prisoners with mental illness.
"Psychiatrists Decry Punishment That Isolates Prisoners" by Rich Daly, Psychiatric News, September 3, 2010. This article discusses differing viewpoints of psychologists and psychiatrists on the effects of solitary confinement on mental health.
"Locking Down the Mentally Ill" by Jim Ridgeway, The Crime Report, February 18, 2010. Ridgeway argues that solitary confinement cells in U.S. prisons have essentially taken the place of mental institutions.
"A Culture of Harm: Taming the Dynamics of Cruelty in Supermax Prisons" by Craig Haney, Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2008. Haney argues that prisoner abuse is often heightened in supermax prisons, especially among prisoners with mental illness.
"Sourcebook on solitary confinement" by Sharon Shalev, Manheim Centre for Criminology, 2008. This sourcebook documents the health effects of solitary confinement and the professional, ethical and human rights guidelines relating to its use. Additionally, the sourcebook offers safeguards and mechanisms to limit solitary confinement.
"What to do with the Survivors? Coping with the Long-Term Effects of Isolated Confinement" by Terry A. Kupers, Wright Institute, 2008. Kupers proposes that criminal sentences are often extended for mentally ill prisoners in solitary confinement.